Table of Contents

2017 Month : June Volume : 3 Issue : 1 Page : 1-6

EVALUATION OF ANAEMIA AMONG WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE GROUP IN UPPER AND LOWER SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS IN PATNA AND ITS ADJOINING AREAS.

Sweta1, Kumar Alok2, Kumar Ajay3, Kumari Asha4, Sachidanand Sharma5

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Ajay Kumar,
Senior Resident,
Department of Microbiology,
IGIMS, Patna.
E-mail: dr.ajay876@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND
Anaemia is a global public health problem. It has been estimated that 20% of world’s population is iron deficient. It occurs at all ages, but is especially common in women of childbearing age.

The present study was aimed atevaluating anaemia among women of reproductive age group in upper and lower socioeconomic status in Patna and its adjoining areas and evaluating anaemia in relation to PCV, MCV, RDW, Platelet count and Total WBC count.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A cross-sectional survey comparative in nature was done over a period of one year and six months from April 2013 to September 2014 in the Department of Physiology, PMCH, Patna. Total number of 600 subjects were recruited in the study, out of which 300 were women in reproductive age group visiting OPD and Indoors in the Department of Medicine, Surgery and Obstetrics and Gynaecology, PMCH, Patna.Another 300 subjects were all interns and postgraduate female students of PMCH, Patna, from April 2013 to September 2014. As the study was a pilot study, sample size was taken as 600.

RESULTS
Out of 300 subjects in lower economic status group, 216(72%) cases belonged to microcytic hypochromic anaemia; 57(19%) were diagnosed as normocytic hypochromic anaemia; 27(9%) were diagnosed as dimorphic anaemia; 40% women were mildly anaemic, 43% women were moderately anaemic and 17% were severely anaemic.

CONCLUSION

The incidence of microcytichypochromicanaemia is high in reproductive age group in low socioeconomic status due to inadequate diet and poor iron absorption.

KEYWORDS

Anaemia, Reproductive Age Group.

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